Ten Reasons for Developing High Blood Pressure

What is High blood pressure?

High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition when your blood pressure, the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your blood vessels, is consistently too high.

The tissues and organs in your body need the oxygenated blood that your circulatory system carries throughout the body. It creates a pressure when our heart beats that pushes blood through a network of tube-shaped blood vessels, which include arteries, veins, and capillaries. This blood pressure is the result of two forces: The first one (systolic pressure) occurs as blood pumps out of the heart and into the arteries that are part of the circulatory system and the second one (diastolic pressure) is created as the heart rests between heartbeats. These two forces are represented by numbers in a blood pressure reading.

The blood pressure readings of an individual are based on these readings and refer to the chart for the hypertension conditions.

There are various causes for hypertension, here they follow

  1. AGE:

Age plays an important role in developing the risk of any chronic conditions. It is mostly associated with structural changes in the arteries and especially with massive artery stiffness. In the aged, the most powerful predictor of risk is increased pulse pressure which may lead to cardiac arrests.

  1. FAMILY HISTORY:

A family history means someone in your family (a blood relative such as a mother, father, sister or brother) who has or had high blood pressure before the age of 60. The more members of the family you have with high blood pressure before the age of 60, the stronger the family history of high blood pressure.

  1. OBESITY:

Being overweight or obese can cause high blood pressure in varied ways.  The increased weight causes more pressure to move the blood around the body.  When the weight gain is in the abdominal area there is a higher risk for high blood pressure because this type of fat is more likely to cause the arteries to become thick and rigid.  it is harder to push the blood through when the blood vessels become rigid. When it gets hard to move blood around the body adrenalin increases. This will increase salt retention and further increase blood pressure.

Obesity is also associated with sleep apnea and diabetes, which both carry an increased risk of high blood pressure.

 

  1. SMOKING AND DRINKING:

Smoking habit fastens the development of high blood pressure it raises the systolic blood pressure levels by as much as 4 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). This is because of the nicotine which contained in the tobacco activates the nervous system to release chemicals that can constrict blood vessels and contribute to high blood pressure. It causes damage to blood vessels which leads to high blood pressure and increases the chances of heart strokes.

As well as drinking also shows the same effects to the body, researches proved that If you cut back on alcohol consumption, research shows that we can able to lower systolic blood pressure levels by as many as 3 mm Hg

     5. EXCESS SALT INTAKE:

We all heard this from our childhoods that excess salt consumption is one of the reasons for high blood pressure. But do not know exactly how according to the reports of “Blood pressure UK” stated that the extra blood pressure caused by eating too much salt puts extra strain on the insides of your arteries.

To handle with the extra strain, the tiny muscles in the artery walls become stronger and thicker. Yet this only makes the space inside the arteries smaller and raises your blood pressure even higher.

This cycle of increasing blood pressure (which occurs slowly over a number of years) can ultimately lead to the bursting of arteries or becoming so narrow that they then block up entirely.

When this happens, the organs of the body, receiving the blood from the arteries starves for the oxygen and nutrients they need. This can result in organ damage and incurable.

  1. PHYSICAL INACTIVITY:

Studies have proven that less active and less fit people are in a greater risk of developing high blood pressure and other cardiovascular diseases. Contrarily daily physical activity helps in managing weight and stress levels. A healthy weight, a strong heart, and normal emotional health are all favorable for your blood pressure.

So, don’t be afraid of being active, make it as a habit try cardio, aerobics or else walking anything that will keep you fit, strong and far from hypertension.

  1. HIGH FAT DIET:

The high-fat diet contains saturated fats that directly raise your cholesterol levels and can cause weight gain. Too much cholesterol in your blood causes contractions and covers your arteries and increases the risk of heart attack or stroke.

Eating the right fats can reduce the risk of high BP and cardiovascular diseases

Like fully skimmed milk or low-fat yogurts.

  1. STRESS:

Yes, stress is also one of the reasons for developing blood pressure.

Our body produces a flow of hormones when we’re in a stressful situation. These hormones temporarily increase blood pressure by causing the heart to beat faster and our blood vessels to confine.

  1. DIABETES:

Studies have found that out of 3 every 1 patient with type 1 diabetes also have hypertension.

When hypertension and diabetes both exist, they may affect one disease tend to make the other worse. This is a highly fatal combination

 

Things that may increase blood pressure due to Diabetes

  • Decreasing the stretching of blood vessels
  • Increasing the fluid amount in the body
  • Dynamic change in the way the body manages insulin

In common hypertension and diabetes generally coexist because they contribute similar risk factors, overweight, an unhealthy diet, and living an inactive lifestyle.

  10. LACK OF SLEEP:

A good sleep is a prevention of lots of diseases and helps your blood regulate stress hormones your nervous system remain healthy. Inadequate sleep could hurt your body’s ability to balance stress hormones, which leads to high blood pressure.

It is highly recommended to sleep at least 7 to 8 hours daily especially you have high blood pressure.

Please consult your Doctor if you feel distressed even after a full night’s sleep, especially if you snore. An obstructive sleep apnea may be the cause, and it can increase your risk of high blood pressure, as well as cardiac problems and other health issues.

Conclusion:

Hope this article is quite helpful and please take care of your health and always be aware of hypertension.

Image credits: Google images

 

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