All about Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition that weakens the body’s ability to process blood glucose, known as blood sugar in other words.

Diabetes is the most common disease nowadays, affecting the age groups from 16 to 60. It is such a dangerous one that we can’t ignore. It may further cause kidney failure, hypertension, heart attacks etc,

India currently noted with 49 percent of the world’s diabetes cases, with an estimated 72 million cases in 2017, a figure expected to almost double to 134 million by 2025.

There are 3 major diabetes types can develop

Popularly called type1, type 2 and gestational diabetes.

Let’s discuss them in brief

Type1 Diabetes:

Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type1. This is also called insulin-dependent diabetes.

Patients with type1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of the life, they have to carry regular blood tests and follow a healthy diet.

Type2 Diabetes:

Approximately 90% of diabetes worldwide is type2.

Overweight and obese people are at higher risk of developing type2 diabetes.   The risk of developing type2 diabetes is also greater with age.

Gestational Diabetes:

This type affects the females during pregnancy.

Gestational diabetes can be controlled with proper exercise and diet.

Why it is caused?

It is important very to know why diabetes can be caused.

Here are the major reasons for causing diabetes.

  1. Lack of exercise

It is proven that physical activity is an important part of the daily maintenance of glucose levels. Ceasing regular exercise causes acute changes in the body associated with diabetes that can occur before weight gain and the development of obesity.

  1. Genes and family history

Yes, of course, diabetes can be caused even from our genes an unhealthy lifestyle of one generation may ruin the health of their next generations. It is highly observed in the twins and there is a chance of 1 in 17 that your child has a risk of developing hereditary diabetes if you are diabetic. The good news is it can be predictable and a healthy diet and lifestyle can manage the chances of avoiding diabetes.

  1. Overweight and obesity

Weight is one of the risk factors of type 2 diabetes. People who are overweight or obese have added pressure on their body’s ability to use insulin to properly control blood sugar levels, and are therefore more likely to develop diabetes.

  1. Sugary diet

Sugar is also one of the major reasons for a person gets type 2 diabetes. Consuming too much sugar foods or drinks can make people put on weight. Gaining too much weight causes type 2 diabetes in some people. Of course, Weight gain from eating too much of any food can make a person’s chance of exposing to diabetes greater.


  1. Sometimes certain medicines can also cause diabetes by affecting the insulin cells.

Some medicines are very harmful that may lead to cause diabetes by increasing your blood sugar levels.

Here are some examples.

  1. Drugs that treat anxiety, depression, and mental health conditions can include clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone, and quetiapine.
  2. Steroids that treat allergies and inflammations include hydrocortisone and prednisone.
  3. Drugs that treat high blood pressure, acne, asthma, hepatitis C, HIV such as beta-blockers and thiazide diuretics and Birth control pills.


These are the major symptoms of diabetes you can observe

  1. Blurred vision
  2. Weight loss
  3. Nausea
  4. Vomiting
  5. Abdominal pain
  6. Thirst
  7. Frequent urination.


It is a dangerous disease; it slowly affects the functioning of major parts of the body. It may soon tend damage of

  1. Kidneys
  2. Circulatory system
  3. Integumentary system
  4. Central nervous system and
  5. Reproductive system.

Every disease has a cure in recent years but chances for diabetes is less. The good news is healthy diet habits, regular exercise and taking insulin daily can reduce diabetic levels.


We all are aware of a saying “Prevention is better than cure”.

We can prevent diabetes by following these simple and healthy lifestyle habits.

  1. Cut all sugars and refined carbs from your diet.
  2. Workout regularly.
  3. Drink more water.
  4. Lose weight if you are obese or overweighed.
  5. Quit smoking
  6. Eat high fiber diet
  7. Optimize vitamin D levels

Image credits: Google images


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